E-cigarettes much more effective for traditional cigarettes finds study
A new large study from University College London researchers has shown that people who use Electronic Cigarettes to aid them in quitting traditional cigarette smoking are 95 percent more likely to succeed when compared to those who are not using any “stop-smoking aids”. The study supported by the Cancer Research UK was titled, “Moderators of real‐world effectiveness of smoking cessation aids: a population study,” was published in the journal Addiction last week (22nd of May 2019).
The World Health Organization data reveals that smoking tobacco kills over 7 million individuals each year around the world. Poor and middle income countries hold around 80 percent of the 1.1 billion smokers, says the WHO data. The team explains that e-cigarettes do not contain tobacco but have liquids that contain lower levels of nicotine. The user inhales this liquid in the form of vapour. British American Tobacco, Imperial Brands and Japan Tobacco as well as other major tobacco brands sells e-cigarettes as well.
The team of researchers compared smoking de-addiction effectiveness of e-cigarettes, nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) patches and gum and drug Varenicline brand named Champix sold by Pfizer in UK. Other approaches include drug therapy with bupropion, telephone and face-to-face behavioural support, self help materials, self help websites and hypnotherapy. They did not just determine the individual efficacy of these aids but also took into consideration other factors that may affect the rates of quitting smoking such as age of the individual, socioeconomic parameters, level of cigarette addiction, earlier attempts to quit smoking and if the attempts were abrupt of gradual. This study looked at 18929 people living in England who had attempted to quit smoking in the past 12 months. Data was gathered from individuals for a 12 year period between 2006 and 2018. Those who said they were not smoking anymore were deemed to be successful quitters says the study.
Results revealed that those prescribed Champix were 82 percent more likely to quit smoking when compared to those who were not using any aids. On the other hand 95 percent success was seen among those using e-cigarettes when compared to those who were using no means to quit smoking. Those using NRT or nicotine replacement gums and patches were only 34 percent more likely to quit smoking, says the study. NRT was more successful among older individuals (more than 45 years) compared to younger. Self help websites showed some success in helping quitters especially those in lower socioeconomic status compared to those at a higher social grade. Other approaches were deemed to be ineffective in helping quitting smoking, write the researchers.
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