Computerized tomography and 3-D imaging are now considered to be basic diagnostic stages for surgical and, particularly, implant treatment. They have been part of the dental armamentarium for 30 years, but technical complexity and high costs slowed their widespread acceptance and clinical utilization.
The rapid rise of implant procedures, popular among both the profession and the public, coupled with significant reductions in technology cost, have begun to mainstream these valuable diagnostic adjuncts.What Is A Dental Implant? for more information.
Dental radiology has changed little since the early days of Roentgen machines. The introduction in the early 1990s of digital radiography reduced patient radiation exposure significantly, added the chairside capacity to manipulate diagnostic images, and simplified data storage and retrieval.
Since then, digital radiology has redefined dental diagnostic science and the professional’s ability to visualize and understand individual patients’ specific hard tissues more comprehensively. As the dental manufacturing profession has developed more affordable hardware and more user-friendly software, 3-D imaging and CBCT have become mainstream procedures.
With the continued development of tomography, the dentist can begin to view health and disease differently. The dental profession is witnessing the establishment of a revolutionary 3-D diagnostic standard that will make surgical procedures more predictable and more accessible to general practitioners with appropriate training.
The practitioner has the ability to specifically locate disease, to determine suitable locations for implant placement, and to examine the generalized health status utilizing 3-D modeling. The net result is surgical confidence. After all, tomography enables ensured identification of potential problems and the development of clinically specific treatment plans, offering the most conservative and direct treatment possible, as opposed to the interpretation of a 3-D anatomy on a 2-D film or screen, requiring educated guesswork and equal portions of hope and luck. dental air compressor
In addition to CBCT’s role in pathology assessment, it can serve as a useful guide for the need for, and the timing of, surgical intervention. CBCT offers new opportunities in the evaluation and monitoring of temporomandibular joint conditions and a “peek” inside that elusive joint that quantifies disease versus wear versus trauma and validates treatment.
For sinus lifts, the shape, size, and position of the sinus, and the volume of the needed implant-supporting bone are specifically defined prior to lifting. For grafting, bony defects are thoroughly mapped prior to treatment. For wisdom tooth surgery, all potential surgical complications can be thoroughly evaluated and avoided. CBCT guides all surgery and may soon be practical for routine restorative dentistry, as well.
For the rapidly growing field of orthodontics, the CBCT and 3-D imaging options document growth and development while offering timelier and more interceptive therapies that are more conservative. Further clinical uses for this technology are rapidly emerging from organized research and the anecdotal experience of many practitioners.
Post-surgical CBCT imaging evaluates the quantity, location, and quality of the newly formed bone to assess its suitability for the intended implant. Post-surgical monitoring following treatment for pathology can evaluate healing and possible recurrence.
CBCT and the associated 3-D imaging expand the dentist’s overall appreciation of dental problems and their etiology with an extra dimension of data that is available to guide, modify, and improve patient treatment and problem resolution. The ability to view internal structures with highly accurate diagnostic images that offer sub-millimeter spatial detail is unparalleled in the dental experience dental lab supplies australia.